A Full-Stack Developer is the one who is capable to work on both the front-end and back-end portions of an application. Front-end usually refers to the part of an application the user will see or interact with and the back-end is the portion of the application that handles the logic, database interactions, user authentication, server configuration, etc. Being a Full-Stack Web Developer doesn’t imply that you have predictably mastered to work with the front-end or back-end, but it means that you are able to work on both sides and understand what is going on when building an application.

If you want to be a Full-Stack Developer then have a look at this guide with a list of things! Keep Reading!

1. Front End Language

The front part of a website generally interacts with the users. Everything people see when surfing the internet is a combination of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

HTML/CSS

HTML and CSS are not considered as programming languages; still, they are important for designing a website. Approximately every single program that is educating you to be a web developer will start with HTML and CSS as they are the building blocks of the web. Simply put, HTML allows you to add content to a website and CSS is what allows you to style your content. The following terms related to HTML/CSS will assist you to know more about HTML/CSS that are Semantic HTML, CSS Box Model, CSS Media Queries and Bootstrap.

JavaScript

The JavaScript language is increasing more popularity each and every year and new frameworks, libraries and tools are continually being released. Based on the Stack Overflow, JavaScript is the most admired language in Front-end, Back-end, and Full-Stack Development. It’s the language that can double up as a server-side language and runs natively in the browser as well.

2. Back End Language

Once you realize that you’ve gotten a good command on HTML/CSS and JavaScript then you’ll want to move on to a back-end language that will handle things like database operations, user authentication and application logic. Backend development is needed for helping the server, database, and other applications to communicate with each other. Backend development is generally done with server side language such as Java, PHP, Ruby, Python, .NET and more. There are over hundreds of development language that people can use for building an application. But the languages mentioned above are the most popular. On the other hand tools like MySQL, SQL and Oracle helps to make changes on the server.

3. Databases and Web Storage

The database is an another part as apart from a good size of relational databases for data the schema of which won’t often change like MySQL or PostgreSQL, a developer needs to know about NoSQL databases like MongoDB, Redis or Cassandra. The developer has to understand the benefits of relational data, e.g. SQL also he has to know which would be better in certain situations, know how to connect a database with your chosen Back-end language (e.g. Node.js + MongoDB) and understand the benefits of in-memory data stores like Redis or Memcached.

4. HTTP & REST

HTTP is a stateless application protocol on the Internet — it’s what allows clients to communicate with servers, for example, your JavaScript code can make an AJAX request to some back-end code you have running on a server which will happen via HTTP. And, the developer should know what REST is and why is it important in regards to the HTTP protocol and web applications, the best practices for designing a RESTful API. POST/GET requests, learn how to use Chrome DevTools can be extremely helpful, what are SSL Certificates and much more.

It might be a difficult task to learn all of the above things, but it’s worthwhile in the end and Full-Stack Development is so much fun! As with every type of programming job, soft skills are very important to sandpaper the overall personality of a developer. It is essential for full stack developers to help them bridge information gaps between the front-end and back-end to build a product they will be proud of.